Market Ups and Downs
A very popular stock trading technique is to watch prices closely and try to identify patterns as they emerge:
......a cup......a handle......a bunny......a stagecoach......
Believe it or not, this approach doesn't make sense.
The market does show a pattern over the very long run, namely it grows like compound interest;
but over the short run this pattern almost vanishes, drowned out by meaningless noise.
The easiest way to see this is by looking at market data and just counting how often the market goes up versus down:
If your frequency is a year then you do see evidence of the long-term upward trend: the market has an "up" year about three fourths of the time.
But if you shorten the frequency the trend almost disappears: if you check stock prices every day your chances of getting an up day are barely better than 50/50.
Stop Checking That Stock Quote
In Fooled by Randomness, Nassim Taleb argues that checking your portfolio too often doesn't just waste your time, it even makes you unhappy.
The idea is that people feel more pain from a loss than pleasure from a gain;
so if your gain to loss ratio is about 50/50, your pleasure index is basically under water.
(Being in pain also makes you anxious to "do something" like churn your account, which is likely to hurt your returns.)